Αρχική > πολιτισμός > History’s 10 Greatest Wrecks…

History’s 10 Greatest Wrecks…

Kyrenia

Kyrenia

 

By JAMES P. DELGADO

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The first scientific archaeological excavation of a shipwreck took place just over 50 years ago. Since then, thousands of wrecks have been discovered, each with an important story to tell. Choosing 10 from among them to represent the endeavor of nautical archaeology is a difficult—and subjective—task. But each offers a profile of an age and a window into the lives of its people, as well as evidence of just how clever and innovative our ancestors were as they took to the seas. Through these stories, we also see why archaeologists continue to devote themselves, despite danger and difficulty, to the examination and excavation of wrecks, wherever they might be discovered. From the rudimentary dive equipment of the earliest excavations to the sophisticated remote-sensing and remotely operated technology of today, archaeologists have shown that no site is beyond the reach of our inquiry into the past.

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To read about five sites that archaeologists still seek, pick up a copy of ARCHAEOLOGY’s special collector’s edition, SHIPWRECKS, on your newsstand—or order it online today.

Cape Gelidonya and Uluburun

Bajo de la Campana

Kyrenia

Khubilai Khan Fleet

Skuldelev Ships

Mary Rose and Vasa

Yenikapı

Spanish Armada

USS Monitor and H.L. Hunley

RMS Titanic

 

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Kyrenia

  • By JAMES P. DELGADO

Cyprus

Kyrenia

(Jonathan Blair/National Geographic Stock)

The excavation and recovery of the well-preserved remains of this late-fourth-century b.c. Greek merchant vessel off the coast of Cyprus has yielded substantial information on the construction of classical Greek boats, often seen depicted in paintings on ancient ceramics. The archaeology, led by the late Michael Katzev and now being completed by Susan Katzev, showed that sometime around 306 B.C., the ship, with a four-person crew from Rhodes, was overcome and sank in what seems to have been a pirate attack that left eight iron spear points embedded in the hull. This nearly two-thousand-year-old victim is the earliest physical evidence of piracy. After conservation and reassembly, the hull of the Kyrenia ship is now on display in the Kyrenia Crusader Castle on Cyprus. Also, a sailing replica of the ship, launched in 1985 and christened Kyrenia II, was a successful application of experimental archaeology. It has allowed archaeologists to learn much more about the form and handling abilities of these now-vanished ships.

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