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Ποτέ πια πόλεμος, ποτέ πια ναζισμός!

«Δεν υπήρχε Θεός στο Άουσβιτς. Οι συνθήκες ήταν τόσο φρικτές που ο Θεός αποφάσισε να μην έρθει. Δεν προσευχόμασταν γιατί ξέραμε ότι δε μπορούσε να μας βοηθήσει. Πολλοί από εμάς που επέζησαν είναι άθεοι. Απλώς δεν εμπιστεύονται το Θεό».

Rees L., Άουσβιτς

Του Νίκου Τσούλια

(Το άρθρο … αφιερώνεται στα έντυπα της Γερμανίας που χλευάζουν τον ελληνικό λαό και βάζουν πωλητήριο στον Παρθενώνα!)

Περιδιαβείτε το παρακάτω αναρτημένο φωτογραφικό υλικό, αναζητείστε και επιπλέον υλικό από τις προτεινόμενες ή από άλλες ιστοσελίδες. Μη βιαστείτε να το διαβείτε σε «χρόνους ίντερνετ». Αφιερώστε μια ώρα από τη ζωή σας και διαβάστε όλα τα σχετικά κείμενα. Αξίζει!

Σημειώστε ότι η φρίκη αρχίζει από το 1933 και εντούτοις η Ευρώπη δεν ξεσηκώνεται, οι λαοί της και οι πολιτικές δυνάμεις της δεν εναντιώνονται συλλογικά και αποτελεσματικά στο ξεκίνημα της βαριάς σκιάς της βαρβαρότητας. Όλοι θεωρούν ότι ο κύκλος του θανάτου θα κλείσει στους Εβραίους ή στους ομοφυλόφιλους ή στους ανάπηρους ή στους κομμουνιστές. Και εδώ είναι το μεγάλο έγκλημα της σιωπής των λαών. Θεωρούσαν τις πιο πάνω κατηγορίες ανθρώπων ως λιγότερο ανθρώπους! Και όταν ο κύκλος της μηχανής του θανάτου διευρυνόταν διαρκώς, τότε τι μπορούσες πλέον να κάνεις; Η μάχη είχε χαθεί πριν ακόμα δοθεί!

Σημειώστε τα χαμόγελα των γερμανών στρατιωτών πάνω από τα πτώματα, δίπλα από τους μελλοθανάτους. Η προπαγάνδα έχει περιστείλει κάθε αίσθημα ανθρώπου, κάθε ίχνος ντροπής, κάθε στοιχείο συναισθήματος. Η απανθρωποποίηση έχει αρχίσει. Η άβυσσος του ναζισμού γίνεται όλο και πιο μαύρη, συστρέφεται όλο και πιο έντονα παρασύροντας μέσα της ζωές ανθρώπων, ζωές παιδιών, ζωές ταπεινωμένων αθώων ανθρώπινων υπάρξεων…

Σημειώστε τα σκελετωμένα παιδιά που προορίζονται για πειράματα. Δεν έχουν κανένα δικαίωμα στη ζωή τους, η ζωή τους ανήκει σ’ άλλους. Δεν έχουν το δικαίωμα να θεωρούνται άνθρωποι! Αυτά τα παιδιά θεωρήθηκαν επικίνδυνα για τους Ναζί!!

Σημειώστε τις γυμνές γυναίκες με τα παιδιά τους σφικτά στην αγκαλιά που ζουν το πιο σκληρό μαρτύριο των τελευταίων στιγμών της ζωής τους, να πεθαίνουν μαζί με τα παιδιά τους, χωρίς λόγο και αιτία. Από πού άντλησαν οι δυνάμεις του πολέμου το δικαίωμα να καθορίζουν την τύχη των ανθρώπων; Από πού βρίσκουν τη δύναμη να προχωρούν σε ομαδικές εκτελέσεις εκατομμυρίων αθώων ανθρώπων; Μήπως πριν από τη δύναμη των όπλων είχαν αποκτήσει τη δύναμη της ιδεολογίας του ρατσισμού, μήπως είχε θεωρηθεί αυτονόητο από την ολιγωρία της σιωπής;

Σημειώστε τους ομαδικούς τάφους, τις καρότσες με τα συσσωρευμένα πτώματα. Συνέβησαν αυτά πριν μερικές δεκαετίες και τα έχει σκεπάσει το πυκνό στρώμα της λήθης; Είναι η γενιά που βίωσε τη φρίκη του πολέμου εδώ μαζί μας και έχουμε καταχωνιάσει αυτή τη φρίκη στο σκοτάδι της λησμοσύνης. Λόφοι πτωμάτων, ταπεινωμένων συνειδήσεων: τι πιο απτό από το να αναστοχαστούμε για το τι σημαίνει πρόοδος; τι σημαίνει μαθαίνω την ιστορία;

Σημειώστε το βλέμμα του πεινασμένου παιδιού; Σε τι μπορεί να ελπίζει, όταν βλέπει το φάντασμα του θανάτου να μεγαλώνει διαρκώς, όταν αισθάνεται ότι η σκιά του ολέθρου το περιλαμβάνει, όταν δεν ξέρει τι είναι προτιμότερο να ζει ή να πεθάνει;

Σημειώστε το βλέμμα των επιζώντων. Είναι βλέμμα ανθρώπων; Χαίρονται την ελευθερία τους; Δεν αισθάνονται τίποτα. Βλέπουν το απόλυτο κενό. Κενό είναι και το βλέμμα τους. Μπορούν να έχουν την αίσθηση της ελευθερίας ή της ζωής; Πώς είναι όταν γυρίζεις από την κόλαση, Μήπως και η μετέπειτα ζωή τους ήταν ένα φρικτό μαρτύριο; Πόσοι και πόσοι δεν άντεξαν τη μνήμη της μαύρης επίγειας αποκάλυψης και αυτοκτόνησαν επιζητώντας στο θάνατο τη λύτρωση;

Σημειώστε τους καθολικούς ιερείς, καρδινάλιους και επισκόπους που όχι μόνο συναγελάζονται με τα τέρατα του πολέμου, αλλά αισθάνονται όμορφα να γεύονται κομμάτια της εξουσίας των ναζί. Άραγε για ποια κόλαση θα μιλάνε στους πιστούς τους, όταν τη δημιουργούν αυτοί οι ίδιοι με τόση προθυμία; όταν η κόλαση που προσφέρουν αυτοί οι ίδιοι είναι στον απόλυτο βαθμό του ολοκληρωτικού αφανισμού του ανθρώπου και της ανθρώπινης αξιοπρέπειας; Τι απέγιναν αυτοί οι «ιεροί άνθρωποι», τα ανθρωπόμορφα τέρατα, που είχαν ως σκοπό να υπηρετήσουν την ανθρώπινη ψυχή, τον ανθρώπινο πόνο;

Αναρωτιέμαι, γιατί αφήνουμε τα παιδιά μας να αντι-διαπαιδαγωγούνται με τα τόσα και τόσα παιχνίδια πολέμου στο διαδίκτυο (και όχι μόνο) και να εξοικειώνονται με μια πλασματική και εν πολλοίς ωραιοποιημένη αίσθηση του πολέμου – παιχνιδιού;

Μήπως θα ήταν παιδαγωγικά φρόνιμο να δίνουμε (στα πλαίσια μιας βιωματικής μάθησης της ιστορίας) στους μαθητές και στις μαθήτριες φωτογραφίες της φρίκης του θανάτου και να συμπληρώνουν τη λεζάντα καταπώς αυτοί και αυτές νομίζουν και να συζητούν δημιουργικά μέσα στη σχολική αίθουσα για τις αιτίες και τα δεινά του πολέμου, για να κατανοήσουν πλήρως τη βαρβαρότητα του πολέμου και να καλλιεργήσουμε το πιο σημαντικό αγαθό, το αγαθό της ειρήνης;

Μήπως πρέπει να γίνουμε πιο ενεργοί παιδαγωγοί για την προαγωγή των ανθρωπιστικών αξιών, τώρα που βλέπουμε και στους κόλπους της ελληνικής κοινωνίας να αναπτύσσονται φαινόμενα ρατσισμού και να επωάζεται το αυγό του φιδιού;

Το «ποτέ πια πόλεμος», “ποτέ πια φασισμός”  δεν είναι μόνο ένα χαρούμενο σύνθημα του 1945, δεν είναι μόνο σύνθημα του παρελθόντος, είναι ένα διαρκές δημοκρατικό και ουμανιστικό αίτημα – πρόταγμα, είναι επιτομή του πιο σημαντικού νοήματος της ίδιας της ζωής, γιατί ο πόλεμος είναι ακύρωση της ζωής, είναι ο απόλυτος ευτελισμός της ίδιας της ζωής!

 

«Όταν ερχόταν να σηκωθούμε το πρωί, όσοι ήταν ζωντανοί κοίταζαν και γύρω τους μπορεί να υπήρχαν δύο ή τρεις νεκροί. Το μόνο που υπήρχε ήταν θάνατος, θάνατος, θάνατος. Θάνατος το βράδυ, θάνατος το πρωί, θάνατος το απόγευμα. Διαρκώς ο θάνατος».

Rees L., Άουσβιτς

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Διαβάστε επίσης:

Φασισμός: ο μεγάλος εχθρός του ανθρώπου

Έξω ο φασισμός

Πού το πάει η Γερμανία;

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A Holocaust Photo Essay

goebbels.jpg (70244 bytes)

Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels urges a Berlin crowd to boycott Jewish businesses. (April 1933)
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives, William Blye Collection]

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Nazi stormtroopers bar the Berlin entrance to a Jewish shop. Their signs read: "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity proaganda, buy only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German shops!" (1933)
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives, William Blye Collection]

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A synagogue burns in Siegen, Germany, on November, 10 1938. Kristallnacht, or The Night of Broken Glass, was a large-scale coordinated attack on Jews throughout the German Riech.
[Photo Credit: The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, ed. Yitzhak Arad. New York: Macmillan, 1990.]

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The cover of a 1939 antisemitic brochure, The Scourge of God: Polish Jews
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives.]

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German soldiers on the way to Poland. The inscription on the railway car reads: "We are going to Poland to strike at the Jews." On the left, an antisemitic drawing of a Jew.
[from The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, ed. Yitzhak Arad. New York: Macmillan, 1990]

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In the Polish town of Olkusz, in July 1940, Rabbi Moshe Yitzhak Hengerman is forced to pray before his prostrate congregants, who have just been beaten by German soldiers.
[Photo Credit: Yad Vashem Historical Museum]

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Two-year-old Mania Halef, a Jewish child murdered by the SS during the mass executions at Babi Yar in September 1941.
[Photo credit: Hessisches Hauptstaatsarchiv, Yelena Brusilovsky Collection]

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Jews in Wuerzburg, Germany, on the way to concentration camps (1942)
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives]

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The main entrance of Auschwitz Extermination Camp, with its infamous motto "Work Makes One Free."

 

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Children subjected to medical experiments in Auschwitz.
[from The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, ed. Yitzhak Arad. New York: Macmillan, 1990]

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Buchenwald prisoners in nearby woods just before their execution. (1933)
[Photo Credit: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Lorenz Schmuhl Collection]

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German guards outside the Kommandant’s house at Belzec death camp in 1942.
[Photo Credit: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes]

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Jewish women from the Mizocz Ghetto in the Ukraine, which held roughly 1,700 Jews. Some are holding infants as they are forced to wait in a line before their execution by Germans and Ukrainian collaborators. 
[Photo credits: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes]

 

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A German policeman shoots individual Jewish women who remain alive in the ravine after the mass execution. (1942)
[Photo credits: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes]

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Jewish men await death in a gas van.
[Photo credits: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes]

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Crematoria ovens in Buchenwald concentration camp.

birkenau.jpg (28446 bytes)

This photo was taken by an SS photographer. It is part of an album discovered after liberation by a female prisoner. Most people create family albums containing photos of their children, wives, husbands, mementos of places visited. Evidently this SS photographer was proud of the work he and his comrades were doing. The people in the photo had only just been brought from the trains where they had been crammed in cattle cars with no food, water or sanitation. Look closely at them, these were the people the Nazis considered dangerous. Not long after this photo was taken they were gassed, and their bodies burned.
Photo and Caption Credit: Alan Jacobs @ www.remember.org

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A mass grave in the Bergen-Belsen camp
Photo Credit: Alan Jacobs @ www.remember.org

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Shoes of the victims

massexec.jpg (155210 bytes)

A mass execution of Jews in Nazi occupied Soviet Union. Naked Jews, including a young boy, just before their murder.
[from The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, ed. Yitzhak Arad. New York: Macmillan, NY, 1990.]


massexec2.jpg (95952 bytes)

Execution in German occupied Soviet Union
Photo and Caption Credit: Alan Jacobs @ www.remember.org

vinica.jpg (54525 bytes)

A Nazi about to shoot the last Jew left alive in Vinica, Ukraine.
[Photo Credit: Library of Congress]

starving.jpg (19571 bytes)

Starving Jewish boy in the Warsaw ghetto, probably 1942.
From Charles G. Roland, Courage Under Siege: Disease, Starvation and Death in the Warsaw Ghetto.
Copyright © 1992 Oxford University Press.

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At Dachau concentration camp, two U.S. soldiers gaze at Jews who died on board a death train.
[Photo Credit: USHMM]

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A truckload of bodies at Buchenwald concentration camp.
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives]

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Dachau survivor on the day of liberation.
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives, Francis Robert Arzt Collection]

survivor2.jpg (59002 bytes)

Dachau survivors on the day of liberation.
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives, Francis Robert Arzt Collection]

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THE AUSCHWITZ ALBUM: Jews Strolling to the Gas Chambers with Rest Stops and Picnics along the Way

The following images are all from The Auschwitz Album which was supposedly “discovered” (read: “stolen”) by a self-styled “concentration camp survivor” Lili Meier. The complete collection of 192 photographs from this one book can be seen at the USHMM website where it is a major feature of their collection. The same album and pictures are also a major feature of the Yad Vashem archives in Israel with similar, but not exactly the same, captions as those given by the USHMM. The images below with their captions are simply samples from the actual collection as they appear at the USHMM archive website. Few people will ever bother to examine the album photographs carefully unless they are somehow prodded by essays like this one. What the images reveal on careful examination is totally different from what the holocaust hoax promoters suggest. Judge for yourself!

 

Although the women in the above photo are not even alleged to be on their way to a gas chamber, I include the photo here because of the misleading but typical caption which ignores the fact that the “disinfection” process almost certainly used Zyklon-B to disinfect all clothing as well as all other personal articles. The same deliberate attempt to mislead readers appears in all of the other photos which mention “disinfection.” The fact is that Zyklon-B was used in many camps, including Auschwitz-Birkenau, to keep people alive and not to kill anyone. It had been widely used as early as 1927 to routinely fumigate ships in New York harbor by the U. S. Public Health Service. That the Germans would have used it during the war to fumigate the clothing of countless people including ordinary soldiers, and POW’s, and concentration camp inmates should have surprised no one who understands anything at all about the dangers of epidemic diseases such as typhus, especially in wartime. Typhus is generally spread by infected lice.

 

These adventurers are supposedly, according to the experts and “scholars” at the USHMM and Yad Vashem, on their way to their deaths in Nazi gas chambers. Did anyone even bother to frisk these rag-a-muffins? The Jack Nicholson character in the middle foreground could be concealing almost anything in his abundant garments. And the character to his right even has a walking cane which might be used to jam a gas chamber door or smash the head of some Nazi fiend. In the second row, one enterprising character even has a cup attached to his dinner jacket with a safety pin. Perhaps he can beg a few Reichsmarks from a Nazi guard along the way–if he can even find one.

There are no Nazi guards present anywhere in these pictures, nor is anything other than a casual stroll in unpleasant surroundings suggested by the pictures. The individuals do not appear happy–but, they certainly do not appear to be in fear for their lives either. They have obviously not wasted much capital at dry cleaning establishments, or at laundries. No doubt, it will take some subtle persuasion to get them to climb out of their clothing and take showers and get haircuts. Note also that there is absolutely no physical restraint on any of the people anywhere in the album such as handcuffs, leg-irons, or chains as one sees in pictures from the Guantanomo Prison or Abu Ghreib or any death row anywhere in the USA.

Haven’t these folks noticed those ominous clouds of smoke belching from the crematory chimneys? Of course, not–becuase there simply was NO such smoke anywhere.

 

Similar comments to those made for the previous picture also apply to the characters in the above picture. They look as if they had just popped out of a Robert Altman gritty, true-to-life movie about the rough old days in the American West. I wouldn’t trust any of these guys. A good delousing, and a shower, and shave will be so helpful.

 

Why do the experts at USHMM and Yad Vashem think this poor old lady is going to the gas chambers? OK, she doesn’t seem likely to be making many hand grenades, or jet planes. She doesn’t seem to even have enough sense to follow the crowd behind her which is going in the opposite direction. But, aside from the barbed wire fencing, there is no reason to believe anything sinister is in store for her. She is casually going in the wrong direction and has stopped for a moment to let the photographer take her picture.

In the background one can see the typical fencing which certainly controls movement but it does NOT block the view to adjacent areas, with barracks in this case. The fencing wires may be electrically charged but they do NOT block verbal communication between adjacent areas.

 

This Danny DeVito character seems so tired and bored by the whole experience. Does she know that she is marked for gassing? Of course, not!

 

Although the purpose of the building in the foreground is unknown to this author, the T-shaped building behind it is a delousing station with Zyklon-B gas chambers which are quite dramatic in their appearance today because of the intense blue staining on the interior and exterior walls. The crowd of what appears to be only women and children is walking past it—and, is in no particular hurry. The Germans appear to be only lightly armed, if at all, with soft caps and only one soldier in the foreground has a bolt action rifle; no automatic rifles or submachine guns are visible anywhere as one would expect to see in order to control any mass breakout attempts. All appears quite calm and casual.

 

And here we have the tearjerker-of-the-year photo that has been used endlessly to condemn those fiendish Nazis.

 

Here we have the most incriminating picture of all because of the crematorium in the background–shock, horror, awe. The USHMM and Yad Vashem even provide names of some of the people in the picture but neglect to tell us whether there is any other evidence that these people died shortly after arrival, or whenever. And, where is the smoke?

Crematorium 3 was actually a beautiful building for cremating the dead individually with care, and dignity, and where the ashes of individual corpses were put into individual urns to be returned to family members. The individuals in this photo with their abundance of clothing are almost certainly on their way to the Sauna complex, Zentral Sauna, with its large laundry next to the “Canada” storage area for personal effects. They have simply stopped to allow the photo to be taken and are, obviously, not afraid that they are about to be gassed.

The fencing around the crematorium controls movement but does NOT block the view of whatever is going on in the immediate vicinity of the crematorium.

 

Are these people the least bit frightened by what may be in store for them? Of course, not!

 

Do these people seem to be the least bit fearful about their destiny? If they are fearful, it certainly does not show at all. At least one of the children would be in tears if they were fearful.

Rest Stops along the Way to the Gas Chambers

 

I am not making this up, folks. The USHMM actually tells us that these people are “wait-[ing] in a clearing near a grove of trees before being led to the gas chambers." Were the gas chambers jammed up that day, or what?

 

What is that teenage gal unwrapping? Is it a secret message in her diary, or a sandwich?

 

Are they waiting for the outdoor concert to begin, or what? “Pass the salt, please.

 

As part of their casual strolls to the gas chambers, the intended victims made many rest stops along the way. Were they hatching plots to escape? It seems so unlikely. There are no Nazi guards with submachine guns or whips, anywhere. In fact, these intended victims do not seem especially concerned about anything more than the most basic things that concern all people, like lunch. “The caterer seems to be so slow today.

 

Another rest stop. Are they waiting for a bus, or a military escort? The scene shows nothing more than a casual stop along the way to almost anywhere.

 

Do these people seem the least bit frightened by whatever awaits them? Of course, not! And they are not in any hurry either. No one is behind them with whips or submachine guns to shoosh them along.

 

They are supposedly waiting “to be transported to the gas chambers.” Oh, how thoughtful and considerate! The bus appears to be late.

 

In the above and following pictures, at least some of the people appear to be eating as well. Obviously, these are not two-minute rest stops but far more casual and relaxed get-togethers than what one should expect if the holocaust story were true. The working age men and single women without children seem absent–but, the pangs of separation seem minimal to non-existent. The area in which they are resting seems quite open, without any fencing at all. Grandpa in the lower left seems to be enjoying the kids–and why not?

 

Hasn’t someone in a striped costume told them that their fate was to be turned into smoke rising to fill the sky from those tall chimneys? Apparently, not!

 

Here we have more scenes of Jews casually resting on their way to somewhere and snacking. The Nazi photographer behind that camera is of no interest to them. Obviously, the Nazi fiends were not pushing their intended victims very hard this day. Were the victims waiting for a bus ride to the gas chambers? It would seem that way if the “scholars” at USHMM and Yad Vashem are to be believed.

The above pictures, as well as many more which one can find at USHMM and Yad Vashem, show just how ridiculous the mass gassing claims truly are if one looks at them critically. Compare these pictures with those of prisoners, for example, in today’s Guantanamo Prison where prisoners are shackled and handcuffed and escorted with armed guards merely to go to toilets. For executions of a single prisoner in the US, security precautions are far worse.

Can anyone seriously believe that Jews, of all people, would passively and casually stroll to their own mass executions? Can anyone seriously believe that Jews marked for extermination gas chambers would be allowed to make rest stops and picnic on their final journeys to death? And yet, that is exactly what the USHMM and Yad Vashem are telling us with their captions to these pictures. If the holocaust hoax is to be believed, we must all continue to believe just such lunacy. It should be rather obvious now that the “holocaust” story really is a form of collective, racist insanity promoted endlessly by the most unsrupulous, and skillful, con-artists in all of human history.

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NAZI Gassings Never Happened! Niemand wurde vergast!

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World War II: The Fall of Nazi Germany

Oct 9, 2011 | 132


After the successful Allied invasions of western France, Germany gathered reserve forces and launched a massive counter-offensive in the Ardennes, which collapsed by January. At the same time, Soviet forces were closing in from the east, invading Poland and East Prussia. By March, Western Allied forces were crossing the Rhine River, capturing hundreds of thousands of troops from Germany’s Army Group B. The Red Army had meanwhile entered Austria, and both fronts quickly approached Berlin. Strategic bombing campaigns by Allied aircraft were pounding German territory, sometimes destroying entire cities in a night. In the first several months of 1945, Germany put up a fierce defense, but rapidly lost territory, ran out of supplies, and exhausted its options. In April, Allied forces pushed through the German defensive line in Italy. East met West on the River Elbe on April 25, 1945, when Soviet and American troops met near Torgau, Germany. Then came the end of the Third Reich, as the Soviets took Berlin, Adolf Hitler committed suicide on April 30, and Germany surrendered unconditionally on all fronts on May 8 (May 7 on the Western Front). Hitler’s planned "Thousand-Year Reich" lasted only 12 incredibly destructive years. (This entry is Part 17 of a weekly 20-part retrospective of World War II) [45 photos]

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"Raising a flag over the Reichstag" the famous photograph by Yevgeny Khaldei, taken on May 2, 1945. The photo shows Soviet soldiers raising the flag of the Soviet Union on top of the German Reichstag building following the Battle of Berlin. The moment was actually a re-enactment of an earlier flag-raising, and the photo was embroiled in controversy over the identities of the soldiers, the photographer, and some significant photo editing. More about this image from Wikipedia. (Yevgeny Khaldei/LOC)

 

2

A group of Hitler youth receive instruction in the use of a machine-gun, somewhere in Germany, on December 27, 1944. (AP Photo) #

 

3

A formation of B-24s of Maj. General Nathan F. Twining’s U.S. Army 15th Air Force thunders over the railway yards of Salzburg, Austria, on December 27, 1944. The smoke created by their bombs mingles with that from the enemy’s many smudge pots. (AP Photo) #

 

4

A heavily armed German soldier carries ammunition boxes forward during the German counter-offensive in the Belgium-Luxembourg salient, on January 2, 1945. (AP Photo) #

 

5

An infantryman from the U.S. Army’s 82nd Airborne Division goes out on a one-man sortie while covered by a comrade in the background, near Bra, Belgium, on December 24, 1944. (AP Photo) #

 

6

A Soviet machine gun crew crosses a river along the second Baltic front, in January of 1945. The soldier on the left is holding his rifle overhead while his comrades push a floating device with the artillery gun forward, followed by two men with several supply boxes. (AP Photo) #

 

7

Low flying C-47 transport planes roar overhead as they carry supplies to the besieged American Forces battling the Germans at Bastogne, during the enemy breakthrough on January 6, 1945 in Belgium. In the distance, smoke rises from wrecked German equipment, while in the foreground, American tanks move up to support the infantry in the fighting. (AP Photo) #

 

Warning:
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The bodies of some of the seven American soldiers that had been shot in the face by an SS trooper are recovered from the snow, searched for identification and carried away on stretcher for burial on January 25, 1945. (AP Photo/Peter J. Carroll) #

 

 

These German soldiers stand in the debris strewn street of Bastogne, Belgium, on January 9, 1945, after they were captured by the U.S. 4th Armored Division which helped break the German siege of the city. (AP Photo) #

 

Refugees stand in a group in a street in La Gleize, Belgium on January 2, 1945, waiting to be transported from the war-torn town after its recapture by American Forces during the German thrust in the Belgium-Luxembourg salient. (AP Photo/Peter J. Carroll) #

 

A dead German soldier, killed during the German counter offensive in the Belgium-Luxembourg salient, is left behind on a street corner in Stavelot, Belgium, on January 2, 1945, as fighting moves on during the Battle of the Bulge. (AP Photo/U.S. Army Signal Corps) #

 

From left, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt and Soviet Premier Josef Stalin sit on the patio of Livadia Palace, Yalta, Crimea, in this February 4, 1945 photo. The three leaders were meeting to discuss the post-war reorganization of Europe, and the fate of post-war Germany. (AP Photo/File) #

 

Soviet troops of the 3rd Ukrainian front in action amid the buildings of the Hungarian capital on February 5, 1945. (AP Photo) #

 

Across the Channel, Britain was being struck by continual bombardment by thousands of V-1 and V-2 bombs launched from German-controlled territory. This photo, taken from a fleet street roof-top, shows a V-1 flying bomb "buzzbomb" plunging toward central London. The distinctive sky-line of London’s law-courts clearly locates the scene of the incident. Falling on a side road off Drury Lane, this bomb blasted several buildings, including the office of the Daily Herald. The last enemy action of British soil was a V-1 attack that struck Datchworth in Hertfordshire, on March 29 1945. (AP Photo) #

 

With more and more members of the Volkssturm (Germany’s National Militia) being directed to the front line, German authorities were experiencing an ever-increasing strain on their stocks of army equipment and clothing. In a desperate attempt to overcome this deficiency, street to street collection depots called the Volksopfer, meaning Sacrifice of the people, scoured the country, collecting uniforms, boots and equipment from German civilians, as seen here in Berlin on February 12, 1945. The Volksopfer bears the words "The Fuhrer expects your sacrifice for Army and Home Guard. So that you’re proud your Home Guard man can show himself in uniform – empty your wardrobe and bring its contents to us". (AP Photo) #

 

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objectionable content
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Three U.S. infantrymen look over the bodies of a number of dead German soldiers arranged in rows before an unidentified building in Echternach, Luxembourg, about 25 miles south of Pruem, on February 21, 1945. (AP Photo) #

 

A party sets out to repair telephone lines on the main road in Kranenburg on February 22, 1945, amid four-foot deep floods caused by the bursting of Dikes by the retreating Germans. During the floods, British troops further into Germany have had their supplies brought by amphibious vehicles. (AP Photo) #

 

This combination of three photographs shows the reaction of a 16-year old German soldier after he was captured by U.S. forces, at an unknown location in Germany, in 1945. (AP Photo) #

 

Flak bursts through the vapor trails from B-17 flying fortresses of the 15th air force during the attack on the rail yards at Graz, Austria, on March 3, 1945. (AP Photo) #

 

A view taken from Dresden’s town hall of the destroyed Old Town after the allied bombings between February 13 and 15, 1945. Some 3,600 aircraft dropped more than 3,900 tons of high-explosive bombs and incendiary devices on the German city. The resulting firestorm destroyed 15 square miles of the city center, and killed more than 22,000. (Walter Hahn/AFP/Getty Images) #

 

Warning:
This image may contain graphic or
objectionable content
Click to view image

A large stack of corpses is cremated in Dresden, Germany, after the British-American air attack between February 13 and 15, 1945. The bombing of Dresden has been questioned in post-war years, with critics claiming the area bombing of the historic city center (as opposed to the industrial suburbs) was not justified militarily. (Deutsches Bundesarchiv/German Federal Archive) #

 

Soldiers of the 3rd U.S. Army storm into Coblenz, Germany, as a dead comrade lies against the wall, on March 18, 1945. (AP Photo/Byron H. Rollins) #

 

Men of the American 7th Army pour through a breach in the Siegfried Line defenses, on their way to Karlsruhe, Germany on March 27, 1945, which lies on the road to Stuttgart. (AP Photo) #

 

24

Pfc. Abraham Mirmelstein of Newport News, Virginia, holds the Holy Scroll as Capt. Manuel M. Poliakoff, and Cpl. Martin Willen, of Baltimore, Maryland, conduct services in Schloss Rheydt, former residence of Dr. Joseph Paul Goebbels, Nazi propaganda minister, in Münchengladbach, Germany on March 18, 1945. They were the first Jewish services held east of the Rur River and were offered in memory of soldiers of the faith who were lost by the 29th Division, U.S. 9th Army. (AP Photo) #

 

25

American soldiers aboard an assault boat huddle together as they cross the Rhine river at St. Goar, Germany, while under heavy fire from the German forces, in March of 1945. (AP Photo) #

 

26

An unidentified American soldier, shot dead by a German sniper, clutches his rifle and hand grenade in March of 1945 in Coblenz, Germany. (AP Photo/Byron H. Rollins) #

27

War-torn Cologne Cathedral stands out of the devastated area on the west bank of the Rhine, in Cologne, Germany, April 24, 1945. The railroad station and the Hohenzollern Bridge, at right, are completely destroyed after three years of Allied air raids. (AP Photo) #

 

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This image may contain graphic or
objectionable content
Click to view image

28

With a torn picture of his "Führer" beside his clenched fist, a general of the Volkssturm, Hitler’s last-stand home defense forces, lies dead on the floor of city hall in Leipzig, April 19, 1945. He committed suicide rather than face the U.S. troops capturing the city. (AP Photo/U.S. Army Signal Corps, J. M. Heslop) #

 

29

An American soldier of the 12th Armored Division stands guard over a group of German soldiers, captured in April 1945, in a forest at an unknown location in Germany. (AP Photo) #

 

30

Adolf Hitler decorates members of his Nazi youth organization "Hitler Jugend" in a photo reportedly taken in front of the Chancellery Bunker in Berlin, on April 25, 1945. That was just four days before Hitler committed suicide. (AP Photo) #

 

31

Partly completed Heinkel He-162 fighter jets sit on the assembly line in the underground Junkers factory at Tarthun, Germany, in early April 1945. The huge underground galleries, in a former salt mine, were discovered by the 1st U.S. Army during their advance on Magdeburg. (AP Photo) #

 

32

Soviet officers and U.S. soldiers during a friendly meeting on the Elbe River in April of 1945. (Waralbum.ru) #

 

33

Compounds erected by the Allies for their collections of prisoners never seem to be big enough, here is an over-crowded cage of Germans rounded up by the Seventh Army during its drive to Heidelberg, on April 4, 1945. (AP Photo) #

 

34

A U.S. soldier stands in the middle of rubble in the Monument of the Battle of the Nations in Leipzig after they attacked the city on April 18, 1945. The huge monument commemorating the defeat of Napoleon in 1813 was one of the last strongholds in the city to surrender. One hundred and fifty SS fanatics with ammunition and foodstuffs stored in the structure to last three months dug themselves in and were determined to hold out as long as their supplies. American First Army artillery eventually blasted the SS troops into surrender. (Eric Schwab/AFP/Getty Images) #

 

35

Soviet soldiers lead house-to-house fighting in the outskirts of Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany, in April of 1945. (Dmitry Chernov/Waralbum.ru) #

 

36

A German officer eats C-rations as he sits amid the ruins of Saarbrücken, a German city and stronghold along the Siegfried Line, in early spring of 1945. (AP Photo) #

 

37

Overwhelmed with emotion, this Czech mother kisses a Russian soldier in Prague, Czech Republic on May 5, 1945, thanking one who fought to free her beloved home. (AP Photo) #

 

38

The subway rush hour is brought to a standstill in New York City, May 1, 1945 as the report of Hitler’s death was received. The German leader and head of the Nazi Party had shot himself in the head in a bunker in Berlin on April 30, 1945. His successor, Karl Dönitz, announced on German radio that Hitler had died the death of a hero, and that he would continue the war against the Allies. (AP Photo) #

 

39

Britain’s Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, right, reads over the surrender pact, while senior German officers, from left, Major Friedel, Rear Admiral Wagner and Admiral Hans-Georg Von Friedeburg, look on, in a tent at Montgomery’s 21st Army Group headquarters, at Luneburg Heath, on May 4, 1945. The pact agreed a ceasefire on the British fronts in north west Germany, Denmark and Holland as from 8am on May 5. German forces in Italy had surrendered earlier, on April 29, and the remainder of the the Army in Western Europe surrendered on May 7 — on the Eastern Front, the German surrender to the Soviets took place on May 8, 1945. More than five years of horrific warfare on European soil was officially over. (AP Photo) #

 

40

A seething mass of humanity jammed itself into Whitehall in central London on VE-Day (Victory in Europe Day), May 8, 1945, to hear the premier officially announce Germany’s unconditional surrender. More than one million people celebrated in the streets of London. (AP Photo) #

 

41

Looking north from 44th Street, New York’s Times Square is packed Monday, May 7, 1945, with crowds celebrating the news of Germany’s unconditional surrender in World War II. (AP Photo/Tom Fitzsimmons) #

 

42

Celebration of Victory in Moscow’s Red Square, in the Soviet Union. Fireworks began on May 9, 1945, followed by bursts of gunfire and a sky illuminated by searchlights. (Sergei Loskutov/Waralbum.ru) #

 

43

The wrecked Reichstag building in Berlin, Germany, with a destroyed German military vehicle in the foreground, at the end of World War II. (AP Photo) #

 

44

Soviet Ilyushin Il-2 ground attack aircraft fly in the skies above Berlin, Germany in 1945. (Waralbum.ru) #

 

45

A color photograph of the bombed-out historic city of Nuremberg, Germany in June of 1945, after the end of World War II. Nuremberg had been the host of huge Nazi Party conventions from 1927 to 1938. The last scheduled rally in 1939 was canceled at the last minute due to a scheduling conflict: the German invasion of Poland one day prior to the rally date. The city was also the birthplace of the Nuremberg Laws, a set of draconian antisemitic laws adopted by Nazi Germany. Allied bombings from 1943 until 1945 destroyed more than 90% of the city center, and killed more than 6,000 residents. Nuremberg would soon become famous one last time as the host of the Nuremberg Trials — a series of military tribunals set up to prosecute the surviving leaders of Nazi Germany. The war crimes these men were charged with included "Crimes Against Humanity", the systematic murder of more than 10 million people, including some 6 million Jews. This genocide will be the subject of part 18 in this series, coming next week. (NARA) #

Σχολείο

Κρεματόριο στη Βαϊμάρη

 

Ολλανδοί Εβραίοι στο Μπούχενβαλντ

Τσιγγάνοι που μόλις έχουν φτάσει στο στρατόπεδο θανάτου Μπέλζεκ

 

Ο Στρατηγός (και αργότερα πρόεδρος των ΗΠΑ) Ντουάιτ Αϊζενχάουερ, εξετάζοντας πτώματα κρατούμενων σ’ ένα απελευθερωμένο στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης, το 1945

Χάρτης του Δεκέμβρη του 1941 με τον τίτλο "Εκτελέσεις Εβραίων από το Einsatzgruppe A από την Αναφορά Jäger ενός διοικητή τάγματος θανάτου. Διαβαθμισμένος ως «Απόρρητο ζήτημα του Ράιχ», ο χάρτης δείχνει τον αριθμό των Εβραίων που εκτελέστηκαν στις Βαλτικές χώρες, και στο κάτω μέρος γράφει: "ο εκτιμώμενος αριθμός των Εβραίων που ακόμα απομένουν είναι 128.000". Η Εσθονία είναι σημειωμένη ως judenfrei («απαλλαγμένη από Εβραίους»).

 

«Σκλάβοι» που υποβάλλονταν σε καταναγκαστική εργασία στο Μπούχενβαλντ

Ο Σουηδός διπλωμάτης Ραούλ Βάλλενμπεργκ και οι συνεργάτες του έσωσαν έως και 100.000 Εβραίους της Ουγγαρίας εκδίδοντάς τους διπλωματικά διαπιστευτήρια.

Σκηνή από τον εκτοπισμό των Εβραίων των Ιωαννίνων στις 25 Μαρτίου 1944. Σχεδόν όλοι θα εξοντωθούν μόλις οδηγηθούν στο στρατόπεδο Άουσβιτς-Μπιρκενάου.

Συγκέντρωση των Εβραίων της Θεσσαλονίκης στην πλατεία Ελευθερίας βάσει γερμανικής διαταγής με σκοπό την καταγραφή τους.

Κατά την καταγραφή τους οι Γερμανοί και Έλληνες συνεργάτες τους προέβησαν σε βασανιστήρια και εξευτελισμό των Εβραίων.

Σκηνή από τον εκτοπισμό των Εβραίων των Ιωαννίνων στις 25 Μαρτίου 1944. Σχεδόν όλοι θα εξοντωθούν μόλις οδηγηθούν στο στρατόπεδο Άουσβιτς-Μπιρκενάου.

Ο αντισημιτισμός στην Γερμανία, 1 Απριλίου 1933: «Γερμανοί αμυνθείτε! Μην αγοράζετε από Εβραίους!»

Μαϊντάνεκ: Τα κρεματόρια (φωτ. Deutsche Fotothek)

Βέρες και χρυσά δόντια που αφαιρέθηκαν από θανατωθέντες κρατούμενους

Κρεβάτια κρατούμενων στο Άουσβιτς-Μπίρκεναου, 2001

Εναέρια φωτογραφία της RAF, όπου φαίνονται ακόμη και οι φωτιές των σωρών πτωμάτων, 1944.

Αριστερά: Άδεια δοχεία του θανατηφόρου αερίου Zyklon B. Δεξιά: Το μαλλί των θυμάτων, το οποίο προοριζόταν για την περαιτέρω βιομηχανική επεξεργασία.

To Μουσείο Άουσβιτς – Μπίρκεναου

Η κεντρική πύλη του στρατοπέδου. Διακρίνεται η επιγραφή Arbeit mach frei (Η εργασία

Άουσβιτς Α΄, κτήριο θαλάμου αερίων και το κρεματόριο

Άουσβιτς Α΄, Αίθουσα φούρνων στο κτήριο θαλάμου αερίων και το κρεματόριο

 

Μουσείο Άουσβιτς, γυαλιά που ανήκαν σε εκτελεσμένους Εβραίους

Aφοδευτήρια των κρατουμένων στο στρατόπεδο Μπίρκεναου

 

Großdeutsches Reich
Μείζον Γερμανικό Ράιχ
1933–1945


Flag of the NSDAP (1920–1945).svg

Reichsadler der Deutsches Reich (1933–1945).svg

Σημαία της Ναζιστικής Γερμανίας

Εθνόσημο της Ναζιστικής Γερμανίας


Εθνικό σύνθημα: «Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer»
Ένας Λαός, ένα Έθνος, ένας Ηγέτης


Deutschland 1939.png

Η έκταση του Τρίτου Ράιχ κατά το 1939

Κατάλογος Ναζιστικών στρατοπέδων συγκέντρωσης

Από τη Βικιπαίδεια, την ελεύθερη εγκυκλοπαίδεια

(Ανακατεύθυνση από Κατάλογος των Γερμανικών στρατοπέδων συγκέντρωσης)

Μετάβαση σε: πλοήγηση, αναζήτηση

Παρουσιάζεται ένας κατάλογος των Γερμανικών στρατοπέδων συγκέντρωσης κατά τη διάρκεια του Β’ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου. Τα στρατόπεδα εξόντωσης σημειώνονται με ροζ χρώμα, ενώ τα κυριότερα στρατόπεδα συγκέντρωσης άλλων τύπων σημειώνονται με γαλάζιο.

Όνομα στρατοπέδου
Χώρα (σημερινή)
Τύπος στρατοπέδου
Περίοδος λειτουργίας
Υπολογιζόμενος αριθμός κρατουμένων
Υπολογιζόμενος αριθμός θανάτων
Παραρτήματα στρατοπέδων
Διαδικτυακός τόπος

Άρμπαϊτσντορφ (Arbeitsdorf)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
8 Απριλίου 1942 – 11 Οκτωβρίου 1942
τουλάχιστον 600

Άουσβιτς-Μπίρκεναου (Auschwitz-Birkenau)
Πολωνία
Στρατόπεδο εξόντωσης και εργασίας
Απρίλιος 1940 – Ιανουάριος 1945
400.000
1.100.000 – 1.500.000
κατάλογος
[1]

Μπάρντουφος (Bardufoss)
Νορβηγία
Στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης
Μάρτιος 1944 – ;
800
250
;

Μπέλζεκ (Bełżec)
Πολωνία
Στρατόπεδο εξόντωσης
Μάρτιος 1942 – Ιούνιος 1943
600.000
[2]

Μπέργκεν-Μπέλζεν (Bergen-Belsen)
Γερμανία
Κέντρο συλλογής
Απρίλιος 1943 – Απρίλιος 1945
70.000
[3]

Στρατόπεδα συγκέντρωσης Φόσολι – Μπολτζάνο
Ιταλία
Κέντρα συλλογής / διαμετακόμισης
Ιούλιος 1942 – Απρίλιος 1945
11.116

Μπρέντβετ (Bredtvet)
Νορβηγία
Στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης
;
;
;
;

Μπρέενντονκ (Breendonk)
Βέλγιο
Φυλακή και στρατόπεδο εργασίας
20 Σεπτεμβρίου 1940 – Σεπτέμβριος 1944
τουλάχιστον 3.532
τουλάχιστον 391
κανένα
[4]

Μπράιτεναου (Breitenau)
Γερμανία
"Αρχικά άγριο στρατόπεδο", κατόπιν στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Ιούνιος 1933 – Μάρτιος 1934, 1940 – 1945
470; 8.500
[5]

Μπούχενβαλντ (Buchenwald)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Ιούλιος 1937 – Απρίλιος 1945
250.000
56.000
κατάλογος
[6]

Κέλμνο (Chełmno)
Πολωνία
Στρατόπεδο εξόντωσης
Δεκέμβριος 1941 – Απρίλιος 1943·

Απρίλιος 1944 – Ιανουάριος 1945

340.000

Νταχάου (Dachau)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Μάρτιος 1933 – Απρίλιος 1945
200.000
τουλάχιστον 30.000
κατάλογος
[7]

Ντρανσύ (Drancy)
Γαλλία
Στρατόπεδο φυλάκισης και μεταγωγών
Αύγουστος 194117 Αυγούστου 1944
άγνωστο
κανένα
[8]

Φάλσταντ (Falstad)
Νορβηγία
Στρατόπεδο φυλάκισης
Δεκέμβριος 1941 – Μάιος 1945
τουλάχιστον 200
κανένα
[9]

[10]

Φλόσενμπεργκ (Flossenbürg)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Μάιος 1938 – Απρίλιος 1945
τουλάχιστον 100.000
30.000
κατάλογος
[11]

Γκρίνι (Grini)
Νορβηγία
Στρατόπεδο φυλάκισης
14 Ιουνίου 1941 – Μάιος 1945
19.788
8
Φάνρεμ (Fannrem), Μπάρντουφος (Bardufoss), Κβενάνγκεν (Kvænangen)

Γκρος-Ρόζεν (Gross-Rosen)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Αύγουστος 1940 – Φεβρουάριος 1945
125.000
40.000
κατάλογος
[12]

Χερτσόγκενμπους (Herzogenbusch)
Ολλανδία
Στρατόπεδο φυλάκισης και μεταγωγών
1943-καλοκαίρι 1944
κατάλογος
[13]

[14]

Χίντσερτ (Hinzert)
Γερμανία
Κέντρο συλλογής και παράρτημα στρατοπέδου
Ιούλιος 1940 – Μάρτιος 1945
14.000
τουλάχιστον 302
[15]

Κάουφερινγκ/Λάντσμπεργκ (Kaufering/Landsberg)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Ιούνιος 1943 – Απρίλιος 1945
30.000
τουλάχιστον 14.500
[16]

Κάουνας (Kaunas)
Λιθουανία
Γκέτο και στρατόπεδο εγκλεισμού
Πραβίενισκεν (Prawienischken)
[17]

Κλούγκα (Klooga)
Εσθονία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Καλοκαίρι 1943 – 28 Σεπτεμβρίου 1944
2.400

Λάνγκεσταϊν Ζβίμπεργκε (Langenstein Zwieberge)
Γερμανία
Παράρτημα του Μπούχενβαλντ
Απρίλιος 1944 – Απρίλιος 1945
5.000
2.000

Λε Βερνέτ (Le Vernet)
Γαλλία
Στρατόπεδο εγκλεισμού
19391944

Λβοφ (Lwów)
Ουκρανία
Στρατόπεδο εξόντωσης και εργασίας
Σεπτέμβριος 1941 – Νοέμβριος 1943

Μαϊντάνεκ (Majdanek)
Πολωνία
Στρατόπεδο εξόντωσης
Ιούλιος 1941 – Ιούλιος 1944
τουλάχιστον 200.000
[18]

Μάλτσοβ (Malchow)
Γερμανία
– 8 Μαΐου 1945

Μάλι Τρόστενετς (Maly Trostenets)
Λευκορωσία
Στρατόπεδο εξόντωσης
Ιούλιος 1941 – Ιούνιος 1944
200.000-500.000
[19]

Μαουτχάουζεν-Γκούζεν (Mauthausen-Gusen)
Αυστρία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Αύγουστος 1938 – Μάιος 1945
195.000
τουλάχιστον 95.000
κατάλογος
[20]

Μίτελμπαου-Ντόρα (Mittelbau-Dora)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Σεπτέμβριος 1943 – Απρίλιος 1945
60.000
τουλάχιστον 20.000
κατάλογος
[21]

Νατζβάιλερ-Στρούτχοφ (Natzweiler-Struthof)
Γαλλία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Μάιος 1941 – Σεπτέμβριος 1944
40.000
25.000
κατάλογος
[22]

Νόιενγκαμμε (Neuengamme)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
13 Δεκεμβρίου 1938 – 4 Μαΐου 1945
106.000
55.000
κατάλογος
[23]

Νίντερχαγκεν (Niederhagen), έξω από το Βέβελσμπουργκ (Wewelsburg)
Γερμανία
Φυλακή και στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Σεπτέμβριος 1941 – αρχές 1943
3.900
1.285
κανένα
[24]

Οράνιενμπουργκ (Oranienburg)
Γερμανίο
Κέντρο συλλογής
Μάρτιος 1933 – Ιούλιος 1934
3.000
τουλάχιστον 16
[25]

Οστχόφεν (Osthofen)
Γερμανία
Κέντρο συλλογής
Μάρτιος 1933 – Ιούλιος 1934

Πλάστσοφ (Płaszów)
Πολωνία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Δεκέμβριος 1942 – Ιανουάριος 1945
τουλάχιστον 150.000
τουλάχιστον 9.000
κατάλογος
[26]

, [27]

Ράβενσμπρικ (Ravensbrück)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Μάιος 1939 – Απρίλιος 1945
150.000
τουλάχιστον 90.000)
κατάλογος
[28]

Ρίγα-Κάιζερβαλντ (Riga-Kaiserwald)
Λετονία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
1942 – 6 Αυγούστου 1944
20.000;
16
[29]

Ριζιέρα Ντι Σαν Σάμπα (Risiera di San Sabba)
(Τεργέστη)
Ιταλία
Στρατόπεδο αστυνομικής κράτησης
Σεπτέμβριος 1943 – 29 Απριλίου 1945
5.000
[30]

Ρόδος (San Giovanni)
Ελλάδα
Στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης
Μάιος 1939 ή Μάιος 1940 – Μάρτιος 1942
περίπου 500
Εφημερίδα Το Βήμα, 11 Ιουνίου 2006, σ. Α26.

Χαϊδάρι
Ελλάδα
Στρατόπεδο συγκέντρωσης
[31]

Ζάξενχαουζεν (Sachsenhausen)
Γερμανία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Ιούλιος 1936 – Απρίλιος 1945
τουλάχιστον 200.000
(100.000)
κατάλογος
[32]

Σομπιμπόρ (Sobibοr)
Πολωνία
Στρατόπεδο εξόντωσης
Μάιος 1942 – Οκτώβριος 1943
250.000
[33]

Στούτχοφ (Stutthof)
Πολωνία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας
Σεπτέμβριος 1939 – Μάιος 1945
110.000
65.000
κατάλογος
[34]

Στρατόπεδο Ζυλτ(Lager Sylt)
Άλντερνεϊ (Alderney)
Νησιά της Μάγχης (κατειλημμένο Βρετ. έδαφος)
Στρατόπεδο καταναγκαστικής εργασίας
Μάρτιος 1943 – Ιούνιος 1944
1.000;
460
κανένα
[35]

Τερέζιενσταντ (Theresienstadt, Terezín)
Δημοκρατία της Τσεχίας
Στρατόπεδο μεταγωγών και γκέτο
Νοέμβριος 1941 – Μάιος 1945
140.000
35.000
[36]

Τρεμπλίνκα (Treblinka)
Πολωνία
Στρατόπεδο εξόντωσης
Ιούλιος 1942 – Νοέμβριος 1943
τουλάχιστον 800.000

Βαϊβάρα (Vaivara)
Εσθονία
;
15 Σεπτεμβρίου 1943 – 29 Φεβρουαρίου 1944
;
;
22
[37]

Βαρσοβία (Warsaw)
Πολωνία
Στρατόπεδο εργασίας και εξόντωσης
19421944
Έως και 40.000
Έως και 200.000

Βέστερμπορκ (Westerbork)
Ολλανδία
Κέντρο συλλογής
Οκτώβριος 1939 – Απρίλιος 1945
102.000
[38]

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Birkenau, Path Of Death

Birkenau Walkway

© 2000 by Rudy Brueggemann.
All rights reserved.

In Birkenau, mostly Jewish prisoners were marched on this path in barracks area BII en route to their murder at the camp’s gas chamber murder factories.

 

Stutthof Crematorium Ovens

ovens

© 2000 by Rudy Brueggemann.
All rights reserved.

Hair, Auschwitz I Museum

Hair, at Auschwitz

© 2000 by Rudy Brueggemann.
All rights reserved.

When Soviet troops liberated Auschwitz in January 1945, they found seven tons of human hair, all removed from victims imprisoned and killed by Nazis. The hair was shipped back to Germany for use in the war industry as raw material for making cloth.

 

Sachsenhausen
Concentration Camp

Sachsenhausen Camp

© 2000 by Rudy Brueggemann.
All rights reserved.

The dishonest "Arbeit Macht Frei" greeted prisoners who entered the Nazi’s main administrative camp, Sachsenhausen, where the SS administered the Nazis’ vast camp universe in occupied Europe.

 

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                    Nazi Segregation

Nazi Segregation Nazi Segregation

A woman on a park bench in Nazi Germany hides her face behind her handbag, circa 1938. The bench is marked ‘Nur Fur Juden’ (For Jews Only). (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Jews Expelled Jews Expelled

A group of 7,000 Jewish people expelled from Germany by the German Nazi authorities and living in Zbaszyn on the Polish-German border, 3rd November 1938. More than a thousand are staying in a stable and others are in huts provided by the authorities (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Nazi Pickets Nazi Pickets

April 1933: Nazi pickets in an anti-Jewish campaign, carrying placards which read, ‘Comrades! Defend yourselves! Don’t buy from Jews!’ (Photo by General Photographic Agency/Getty Images)

Kristallnacht Kristallnacht

A picture dated 10 November 1938 in Germany showing a Jewish-run shop after being vandalized by Nazis and inscripted with antisemitic graffitis. Ordered by the Nazi party NSDAP in November 1938, rioters burnt down 267 synagogues, shattered the windows of some 7500 Jewish shops, desecrated Jewish cemeteries and beat people, 09 November 1938. Splintering glass panes and broken glass in the streets gave the pogrom the downplaying name ‘Reichskristallnacht’, or Crystal Night. (Photo OFF/AFP/Getty Images)

Yellow Star Yellow Star

circa 1935: Full-length view of a middle class German Jew walking with a briefcase in Berlin, Nazi Germany. He wears a Star of David on the overcoat of his business attire, which reduced him, even while free, to slave status and an easy target. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Ghetto Tram Ghetto Tram

circa 1940: Jewish children on a tram in Warsaw’s ghetto. The ghetto ceased to exist following a mass slaughter of its population. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

Polish Jews Polish Jews

1940: Polish Jews being escorted through a street in Warsaw, to a concentration camp by members of the Gestapo, during World War II. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

Dead Jews in the Ghetto of Warsaw Dead Jews in the Ghetto of Warsaw

A man carries away the bodies of dead Jews in the Ghetto of Warsaw in 1943, where people began to die of hunger in the streets. Every morning, about 4-5 a.M., funeral carts collected a dozen or more corpses on the streets. The bodies of the dead Jews were cremated in deep pits (Photo: AFP/Getty Images)

The Babi Yar Massacre, Nazi SS line up Jews to execute them before a ditch The Babi Yar Massacre, Nazi SS line up Jews to execute them before a ditch

Nazi SS Special Commanders line up Kiev Jews to execute them with guns and push them in to a ditch, already containing bodies of victims, The Babi Yar Massacre, World War II, Poland, 1941 (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Gates Of Auschwitz Gates Of Auschwitz

The gates of the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz, Poland, circa 1965. The sign above them is ‘Arbeit Macht Frei’ – ‘Work Makes You Free’. (Photo by Keystone/GettyImages)

Jewish Arrivals Jewish Arrivals

circa 1943: Jewish women and children, some wearing the yellow Star of David patch on their chests, at Auschwitz concentration camp, Poland, undergoing selections. Many were sent immediately for gassing by Dr Josef Mengele, the head doctor of the concentration camp. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Buchenwald concentration Buchenwald concentration

Slave laborers in their bunks at Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar, Germany after liberation April 16, 1945. Many had died from malnutrition when U.S. troops entered the camp. Included in this photo is Elie Wiesel, future Nobel Peace Prize recipient, pictured in the second row of bunks, seventh from the left, next to the vertical beam. (Courtesy of the National Archives/Newsmakers)

Zyklon B gas cannisters Zyklon B gas cannisters

Empty Zyklon B gas cannisters are displayed at Auschwitz 1 Concentration Camp (Photo by Julian Herbert/Getty Images)

Crematoriums 14 April 1945 Crematoriums 14 April 1945

Bones of anti-Nazi German women are left in the crematoriums April 14, 1945 in the German concentration camp at Weimar, Germany. Prisoners of all nationalities were tortured and killed. (Courtesy of the National Archives/Newsmakers)

Incineration Incineration

3rd May 1945: A member of the Congressional Party investigating atrocities in Germany, inspects one of the incinerators used to burn bodies in the Dachau Prison Camp. (Photo by Merge/Fox Photos/Getty Images)

Prisoners At Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Germany, c. 1943 Prisoners At Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Germany, c. 1943

High-angle view of Polish prisoners in striped uniforms standing in rows before Nazi officers at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Weimar, Germany, World War II, circa 1943. (Photo by Frederic Lewis/Getty Images)

Auschwitz Children Auschwitz Children

Children behind a barbed wire fence at the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz in southern Poland. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

Block 61 of Buchenwald concentration camp Block 61 of Buchenwald concentration camp

Prisoners look at the photographer in block 61 of Buchenwald concentration camp in April 1945. On the 5th of April Patton’s army liberated the Buchenwald commandos in Ohrdruf. (Photo: ERIC SCHWAB/AFP/Getty Images)

Suitcases Suitcases

A mass of suitcases removed from men, women and children, displayed at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp Museum in Oswiecim, Poland. (Photo by Scott Barbour/Getty Images)

Nuremberg War Trials Nuremberg War Trials

1946: Some of the chief defendants listening to the court summary at the Nuremberg War Trials. In the front row (from left to right) are Goering, Hess, von Ribbentrop, Keitel, Kaltenbrunner and Rosenberg. In the back row are Doenitz, Raeder, von Schirach and Sauckel. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

Nazi Segregation

A woman on a park bench in Nazi Germany hides her face behind her handbag, circa 1938. The bench is marked ‘Nur Fur Juden’ (For Jews Only). (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

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Nazi photos
 
compiled by Jim Walker
created: 20 May 1998
additions: 02 July 2008
 

The following photos provide a pictorial glimpse of Hitler, how his Nazis mixed religion with government, and the support for Hitler by the Protestant and Catholic Churches in Germany. In, no way, does this gallery of photos intend to support Nazism or anti-Semitism, but instead, intends to warn against them.

 

(TV Photo from History Channel’s
"Hitler’s Lost Plan," aired 18 April 2005)
 
(Photo source: The Hitler No One Knows: 100 Pictures of the Life of the Fόhrer, by Heinrich Hoffmann)
 

Hitler With Whip
(TV Photo from National Geographic Channel’s "Dawn of the Nazis: Becoming Hitler," aired Dec. 2011)

Hitler With Whip (acting like ‘Jesus’)

Hitler’s close friend, Dietrich Eckart, told of overhearing Hitler showing off to a lady by denouncing Berlin in extravagant terms:  ". . . the luxury, the perversion, the iniquity, the wanton display and the Jewish materialism disgusted me so thoroughly that I was almost beside myself. I nearly imagined myself to be Jesus Christ when he came to his Father’s Temple and found the money changers." Eckart described Hitler as "brandishing his whip and exclaimed that it was his mission to descend upon the capital like a Christ and scourge the corrupt."

And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting: And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew the tables.
–John 2:14-15
(Note, a scourge of small cords describes a whip.)

 

Hitler wth Archbishop Cesare Orsenigo, the papal nuncio in Berlin, 1935

On April 20, 1939, Archbishop Orsenigo celebrated Hitler’s birthday. The celebrations, initiated by Pacelli (Pope Pius XII) became a tradition. Each April 20, Cardinal Bertram of Berlin was to send "warmest congratulations to the Fuhrer in the name of the bishops and the dioceses in Germany" and added with "fervent prayers which the Catholics of Germany are sending to heaven on their altars."

(Source: Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII, by John Cornwell) (see also USHMM)

The Fuhrer in Franken

Adolf Hitler (center) at the monument for the war dead in Franken Germany. According to Ray Cowdery, Hitler rarely missed an opportunity to visit war memorials, even when a photographer was not present.

(Source: Hitler: The Hoffmann Photographs, Vol. 1, Ray Cowdery, Ed., 1990)

Hitler greets Muller the "Bishop of the Reich" and Abbot Schachleitner

 

Hitler greets a Catholic Cardinal (Source: USHMM)

 

Hitler leaving Church

Hitler leaves the Marine Church in Wilhelmshaven.

(Source: The German Propaganda Archive)

Hitler at Nazi party rally

Note the "Church of our Lady" in the background as if it represented the foundation of the party. Photo taken in Nuremberg, Germany (circa 1928).
(Source: 20th Century History)

Church & State
Hitler in front of "Church of our Lady" in Nuremberg, Sept. 1934. Photographer, Heinrich Hoffmann.
(Source: USHMM)

Hitler signing his autograph for a Christian fan

(Source: Hitler in Seinen Bergen, Heinrich Hoffmann, Berlin, den 24.9.35)

Hitler praying

The caption reads: "Der ergreifende Abschlub der Kundgebung in Wien: Wir treten zum Beten…"

[The touching and emotional end of the rally in Vienna: Let us pray…]

(Source: Hitler: The Hoffmann Photographs, Vol. 1, Ray R. Cowdery, Ed., 1990)

Hitler’s mother’s grave

Klara Hitler was a pious Catholic mother who raised Hitler according to her beliefs.

Hitler felt grief-stricken over his mother’s death. She was buried alongside her husband in Linz, Austria. German soldiers here pay their respects to the grave in 1938.

Note the Christian cross on her monument.

(Source: The Importance of Adolf Hitler, by Eleanor H. Ayer, Lucent Books, 1996, p. 25)

To see what the gravesite looks like today, click here.

The Göring Wedding

Only Christians perform Christian weddings, and the Nazis were no exception.

Hermann Göring married Emmy Sonnemann, a famous Opera star.

Adolf Hitler stands in the front row as "Best Man" during the ceremony in the Cathedral by Reichbishop Mόller.

(Source: ThirdReich.ca)


Nazi Christmas (Some people seem to think that Hitler banned Christmas, but at no time did he ever ban Christmas or any other Christian holiday.)

Autobahn workers as guests of Hitler in the Berlin Sportpalast at Christmas in 1938. Note the Christmas trees on the right.

(Source: calvin.edu)

Hitler celebrating Christmas with his soldiers.

(Source: calvin.edu)

 

Christmas 1942/43

(Source: forum.axishistory.com)

 

Christmas 1944 with Nazi officers and their girlfriends.

Note the German Santa Claus.

(Source: www.dhm.de/)



(Source: Wikipedia)

The Concordat between the Vatican and the Nazis
Cardinal Secretary of State, Eugenio Pacelli (later to become Pope Pius XII) signs the Concordat between Nazi Germany and the Vatican at a formal ceremony in Rome on 20 July 1933. Nazi Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen sits at the left, Pacelli in the middle, and the Rudolf Buttmann sits at the right.

The Concordat effectively legitimized Hitler and the Nazi government to the eyes of Catholicism, Christianity, and the world.

The full text of the concordat appears on the Concordat Watch website. (click here to see the text).


Hitler’s Brown Army attending and leaving church services. These photos were published by Nazis during Hitler’s reign.

(Source: Das Braune Heer: mit einem Geleitwort von Adolf Hitler [Translation: The Brown Army: with a foreword by Adolf Hitler], Photos by Heinrich Hoffmann)


A Nazi flag flies in front of the Cologne Cathedral, 1937
(Source: USHMM)

Hitler Oath:

I swear by God,
this holy oath,
to the Führer of the German Reich and people.
Adolf Hitler…

<Watch movie>

(Source: Hitler: Tyrant of Terror, shown on the History Channel)


Nazi Graves

One must not forget that Germany represented the most Christianized country in the world in the 1930s and 40s. Nazi Christian soldiers died as Protestants and Catholics and their grave markers testified to their religion.

(Source: Photoarchive of the Thrid Reich: http://stolz.by.ru/)

ST Front

(Source: Photoarchive of the Thrid Reich)

 

Chaplain with a machine gun unit
(Source: axishistory.com)
 
Most wars are justified on religious grounds.
 
Of course if a soldier felt uneasy about slaughtering others, they could always turn to a chaplain who would then patiently explain to them that killing is allowed by God and about the righteous morality of war. He might then give a few Biblical examples of God ordained killings. And then he might tell them that Jesus will forgive them and send them to Heaven if they should happen to die.
 

Nazi funeral
(Source: Third Reich Depot)

According to the source, this period photo comes from the SS Heimwehr Danzig Funeral/Festivities for Fallen SS Soldiers of the "Battle of Westerplatte" that occured in Poland in 1939.

   Wehrmacht Chaplain With Catholic Cross

Chaplain with Catholic Cross

(Photo source: unknown)


Catholic Bishops giving the Nazi salute in honor of Hitler.
Note Joseph Goebbels (far right) and Wilhelm Frick (second from right)
(Source: USHMM, Photo source: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek [Bavarian State Library])

Franciscan friars gathered around German soldiers


  (Source: USHMM)

An Archbishop with the Nazis

Archbishop Cesare Orsenigo, head of the Diplomatic Corps, attending the Nuremburg Party Rally in September 1933.
According to Dr. Paul O’Shea, Orsenigo, as Dean of the Corps, it was the Nuncio’s role to lead the Corps at all major government functions. After 1935 Orsenigo did not attend major government propaganda displays.

(Photo source: A Moral Reckoning: The Role of the Catholic Church in the Holocaust and Its Unfulfilled Duty of Repair by Daniel Jonah Goldhagen) [Note, Goldhagen incorrectly attributes this photo to Cardinal Faulhaber.]

Cardinal Bertram in the funeral procession for Bishop Bares, Berlin, 7 March 1935

As a chairman of the German bishop conference the Breslauer Cardinal Bertram plays a crucial role in shaping the attitude of the German bishops in relation to the National Socialist state.

(Photo source: Gedenkstδtte Deutscher Widerstand)

Welcome Celebration for Bishop Konrad Graf von Preysing in the Sportpalast, Berlin, 8 Sept. 1935

Note the Catholic Chi-Rho Cross to the right of the Nazi flag. Chi and Rho are the first two letters of the Greek word for Christ. The Chi Rho Cross, or warrior’s cross, originated from the monogram of Roman Emperor Constantine. How fitting it appears next to a swastika.

Following the death of Berlin’s Bishop Bares, Pope Pius XI unexpectedly selects Konrad Graf von Preysing, a little-known Eichstatt bishop, as bishop of Berlin. Berlin, the region for which he is responsible, now also includes the center of the National Socialist power structure and so requires a high degree of political skill from its ecclesiastical leader.

(Photo source: Gedenkstδtte Deutscher Widerstand)

Priests giving the Hitler salute

Priests giving the Hitler salute at a Catholic youth rally in the Berlin-Neukölln stadium in August 1933.

(Source: A Moral Reckoning: The Role of the Catholic Church in the Holocaust and Its Unfulfilled Duty of Repair by Daniel Jonah Goldhagen)

Catholic Service for Nazis

Priests service for Nazis

(Photo source: unknown)


Ludwig Müller, a Nazi sympathizer, and a candidate of Hitler, was elected to the position of Reich Bishop in 1933 as Hitler attempted to unite regional Protestant churches under Nazi control. Hitler did not practice separation of Church & State.

Although Hitler had problems with the Catholic Church and eventually wanted to replace Catholicism with his brand of Christianity, the very fact that Hitler wanted a united German Church proves that he supported Christianity.

Berlin, Germany, November 17, 1933.

(Source: USHMM)

This autographed portrait of Müller shows him wearing the NSDAP-Hoheitsabzeichen (Nazi Eagle party badge) and Feldschnalle (ribbons).

(Click image for an enlarged view)

(Source: sent by email from Gregers Forssling)

Reich Bishop Ludwig Müller, Berlin, 1934

(Photo source: Gedenkstδtte Deutscher Widerstand)

Mass meeting of the German Christian Movement
13 Nov.1933

A radical wing of German Lutheranism and the main Protestant branch supporting Nazi ideology, the German Christian Movement reconciled Christian doctrine with German nationalism and antisemitism.

(Source: Museum of Tolerance)

Investiture of Reich Church Bishop, 1933

Women in traditional dresses joined Nazis at the investiture of Ludwig Müller as Reich Church Bishop. Mόller praised the concept of "one mighty, all-embracing German people’s church."

(Source: Museum of Tolerance)

Deutsche Christens

Deutsche Christen

(German Christians)

The Deutsche Christen (DC) became the voice of Nazi ideology within the Evangelical Church (the Religious Right of their day) and approved by Hitler. They proposed a church "Aryan paragraph" to prevent "non-Aryans" from becoming ministers or religious teachers. Most church leaders solidly supported the "Judenmission." Only a very few number of Christians opposed Nazism such as the "Confessing Christians" (a Church movement not recognized by the Protestant orthodoxy) headed by Dietrich Bonhoeffer. The support of Nazism by the majority of German Christians and German Christian leaders shows the danger of mixing religion with government.
 
The photo on the left shows the procession of bishops in front of the Berlin Cathedral, 23 Sept. 1934. SS guards stand at attention. The head of the march shows members in party and SA uniforms while pastors follow in the rear.
Note the flags with the Christian cross with the swastika in the middle. To see a movie trailer about the Deutsche Christen, from the documentary film, "Theologians Under Hitler," click here.

(Photo sources: unknown)

Deutsche Christen Flag

Deutsche Christian march
(Photo sources: unknown)

Deutsche Christen (German Christians)

SA storm troopers with placards of the "German Christians," Berlin, July 1933.

On July 14, 1933, Hitler’s government approves a new charter for the Protestant church. With massive intervention by the NSDAP, the church elections scheduled only a short time later result in a resounding victory for the "German Christians." Hitler himself appeals to all Protestant Christians in a radio speech on the eve of the election to vote for the "German Christians." With its slogan "church must remain church,"

(Source: Gedenkstδtte Deutscher Widerstand)

Presidium of the "German Christians," Berlin, November 13, 1933

The "German Christians" desired to achieve absolute organizational and ideological conformity between the Protestant church and the National Socialist state. Following their triumphant success in the Protestant church elections in July 1933 and the election of Ludwig Mόller to the office of Reich bishop, they feel they have reached the zenith of their power over church policy in the autumn of 1933.

(Source: Gedenkstδtte Deutscher Widerstand)

National Bishop Friedrich Coch giving a Hitler greeting in Dresden, 10 December 1933

Dresden pastor Friedrich Coch is one of the leading men of the "German Christians" in Saxony. The NSDAP’s Gau consultant for church matters since 1932, he is elected to the office of state bishop by the "Brown Synod" in August 1933.

(Source: Gedenkstδtte Deutscher Widerstand)

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Auschwitz Pictures

Pictures of the Holocaust

By Jennifer Rosenberg, About.com Guide

See More About:

Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi concentration camps. It was a place of forced labor and mass murder. No collection of pictures can show the horrors that occurred within Auschwitz, but perhaps this collection of historical pictures of Auschwitz will at least tell part of the story.

Camp Views

View of the Auschwitz camp's double, electrified, barbed wire fence and barracks.Picture from the Philip Vock Collection, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.

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Forced Labor

Auschwitz prisoners at work in a locksmith workshop.Picture courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.

At Liberation

Prisoners of Auschwitz greet their liberators.Picture courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.

Hair, Shoes, Clothes

View of one of the warehouses in Auschwitz, which is stuffed to overflowing with clothes.Picture from the National Archives, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives.

Trzebinia (A Sub-Camp of Auschwitz)

Picture of a watchtower in Trzebnia, a sub-camp of Auschwitz.(Picture courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives)

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http://genealogy.about.com/od/jewish/tp/free_jewish.htm

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe – Berlin’s Holocaust Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

Information on the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Berlin’s Holocaust Memorial. Get tips for your visit of the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, and information on opening hours, the museum, and tours of the Holocaust Memorial.

http://gogermany.about.com/od/sightsandattractions/p/Holocaust_Memorial_Berlin.htm

Univ. of Kentucky Bans Holocaust from Curriculum? – Netlore Archive

Is it true that the University of Kentucky has banned teaching the history of the Holocaust from its curriculum?

http://urbanlegends.about.com/od/historical/a/holocaust_u_ken.htm

Women and World War II – Concentration Camps and the Holocaust

Gender issues related to the Nazi concentration camps and the Holocaust

http://womenshistory.about.com/od/warwwii/a/holocaust.htm

Σχολείο

Ιστοσελίδες που χρησιμοποιήθηκαν ή που προτείνονται για περαιτέρω μελέτη.

 

http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%9F%CE%BB%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%B1%CF%8D%CF%84%CF%89%CE%BC%CE%B1

http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/holocaust/photoessay.htm

http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/tp/auschwitzpictures.htm

http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/genocide/photo-gallery.html

http://tvxs.gr/uservideo/ethnikismos-fasismos-nazismos-psyxiatriki-kai-ratsismos

http://www.nobeliefs.com/nazis.htm

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/06/21/mysteries-of-a-nazi-photo-album/

http://www.fotosearch.com/photos-images/nazi.html

http://www.rudyfoto.com/hol/sac-arbeit.html

http://it.scribd.com/doc/12588702/Nazi-Germany-Color-Photos-from-LIFE-archive

http://www.nazigassings.com/StrollingtotheGasChambers.html

 

http://thesis.ekt.gr/thesisBookReader/id/2886#page/1/mode/2up

  1. ath dimitrakis
    21/09/2012 στο 8:57 ΜΜ

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  3. 23/04/2013 στο 4:32 ΠΜ

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  1. 11/05/2015 στο 12:18 ΠΜ

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