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THE top 200 universities 2011-12, Super-elite universities leaving the rest behind

Super-elite universities leaving the rest behind

A league table of the world’s best 200 campuses shows that fewer of Britain’s institutions feature than last year

A student working in the library at Oxford University

Oxford University is the UK’s most highly ranked institution in this year’s Times Higher Education table of the world’s top campuses. Photograph: Andrew Fox/Alamy

The gap between the UK’s top universities and the rest is widening, a league table of the world’s top 200 campuses shows.

In the table, published by Times Higher Education (THE) magazine, Oxford is the UK’s top-ranked institution in fourth place, up two positions from last year. Cambridge is second highest, in sixth. The arch-rivals tied in sixth place last year.

Harvard was denied the top spot for the first time since the table began eight years ago. Instead, Caltech – the California Institute for Technology – topped the table.

Seven UK universities are in the top 50, two more than last year. But while last year, 14 UK universities made the top 100, this year only a dozen have.

THE said this showed "a widening gap in the UK between a super-elite and the rest of Britain’s leading institutions".

The UK has 32 institutions in the top 200 – the second highest of any country and three more than last year. but the US dominates, with 75 in the top 200.

THE warned the UK might be unable to maintain its international reputation for universities unless state funding grew.

Figures last month from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development show spending on higher education in the UK fell to 1.2% from 1.3% last year. The average for OECD countries is 1.5%.

Ann Mroz, THE editor, said: "Given the disparity in funding levels [between the UK and the US] our performance is nothing short of staggering. Put simply, we spend much less on our universities than many of our competitors – less than the OECD average – and yet outperform almost all of them. These facts make the massive gamble that we are now taking, by all but abolishing public funding for university teaching and replacing it with tuition fees, all the more questionable."

Sally Hunt, general secretary of the lecturers’ trade union, the University and College Union, warned that unless ministers urgently rethought plans to slash funding, the UK would be left behind. "Other countries recognise that knowledge is the main driver of economic growth and are investing in their universities," she said.

David Willetts, the universities minister, said the UK had "the world’s best-performing higher education sector" relative to its size and smaller per capita resources. Outside the US and UK, the Netherlands and Germany have the most top 200 universities with 12 each, followed by Canada with nine and Australia with seven.

Of other UK universities, Imperial College London came eighth, up one from last year, while University College London came in at 17th position – up five places. Edinburgh took 36th place. The LSE and the University of Manchester came 47th and 48th, respectively.

Those compiling the tables judged universities on, among other things, their research income and reputation; the number of international students, staff and overseas collaborations; links with industry; the number of their citations; and the quality of their teaching.

This year, the methodology to rank the universities changed to put institutions with particular strength in the arts, humanities and social sciences on a more equal footing.Thomson Reuters supplied the data for the table.

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The world’s top 200 universities 2011 – how the Times Higher Education ranks them

Where’s Harvard? How many British universities are in the top ten? The Times Higher Education has published its list of the top 200 universities in the world. See how they compare

by Katy Stoddard Thursday 6 October 2011 guardian.co.uk

Graduation

You’ve graduated – what next? Photograph: Thomas Barwick/Getty Images

The California Institute for Technology has been named the best university in the world in the latest league table of the top 200 universities, published by the magazine Times Higher Education (THE). Harvard is at number two, the first time it has failed to take the top spot in the list’s eight-year history.

Last year we looked at the top 100 rankings from THE. Now we have the top 200 for 2011-12.

The highest ranking UK institution is the University of Oxford, in fourth, with the University of Cambridge in sixth. The rivals tied for sixth place in 2010.

As last year, the top 200 is dominated by American institutions, with 75 making the list. Other high scorers include the Netherlands, Germany and Canada.

The UK has three universities in the top ten (Imperial College London joins Oxford and Cambridge in eighth), but only seven institutions in the top fifty – up from five last year – and 32 in the full list of 200.

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The world’s top 200 universities 2011 –
how the Times Higher Education ranks them

Universities are judged on 13 performance indicators, taking in research, teaching, knowledge transfer and international activity. This year the methodology has been tweaked to put arts institutions on a more even footing with those excelling in science. The data is provided by Thomson Reuters.

THE editor Ann Mroz said:

The UK is blessed with some truly brilliant universities.

While we may be second to the US in terms of the overall number of world-class institutions, given the disparity in funding levels our performance is nothing short of staggering.

These facts make the massive gamble that we are now taking by all but abolishing public funding for university teaching, and replacing it with tuition fees, all the more questionable. The government should heed these ranking results, reflect on concerns raised about the speed and extent of its planned reforms and think again.

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THE top 200 universities 2011-12

 

2010 rank

2011 Rank

Institution

Country

2
1
California Institute of Technology
US

1
2
Harvard University
US

4
2
Stanford University
US

6
4
University of Oxford
UK

5
5
Princeton University
US

6
6
University of Cambridge
UK

3
7
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
US

9
8
Imperial College London
UK

12
9
University of Chicago
US

8
10
University of California, Berkeley
US

10
11
Yale University
US

18
12
Columbia University
US

11
13
University of California, Los Angeles
US

13
14
Johns Hopkins University
US

15
15
ETH Zürich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich
Switzerland

19
16
University of Pennsylvania
US

22
17
University College London
UK

15
18
University of Michigan
US

17
19
University of Toronto
Canada

14
20
Cornell University
US

20
21
Carnegie Mellon University
US

30
22
University of British Columbia
Canada

24
22
Duke University
US

27
24
Georgia Institute of Technology
US

23
25
University of Washington
US

25
26
Northwestern University
US

43
27
University of Wisconsin-Madison
US

35
28
McGill University
Canada


29
University of Texas at Austin
US

26
30
University of Tokyo
Japan

33
31
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
US

43
32
Karolinska Institute
Sweden

32
33
University of California, San Diego
US

21
34
University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

29
35
University of California, Santa Barbara
US

40
36
University of Edinburgh
UK

36
37
University of Melbourne
Australia

43
38
Australian National University
Australia

54
38
University of California, Davis
US

34
40
National University of Singapore
Singapore

38
41
Washington University in St Louis
US

52
42
University of Minnesota
US

30
43
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
US

60
44
New York University
US

61
45
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Germany

48
46
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
Switzerland

86
47
London School of Economics and Political Science
UK

87
48
University of Manchester
UK

37
49
Peking University
China

55
49
Brown University
US

109
51
Pennsylvania State University
US

57
52
Kyoto University
Japan

28
53
Pohang University of Science and Technology
Republic of Korea

59
54
Boston University
US

73
55
University of Southern California
US

77
56
King’s College London
UK

66
57
Ohio State University
US

71
58
University of Sydney
Australia

42
59
École Normale Supérieure
France

64
59
University of Pittsburgh
US

90
61
University of Zürich
Switzerland

41
62
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Hong Kong

39
63
Ecole Polytechnique
France

56
64
University of Massachusetts
US

93
65
McMaster University
Canada

68
66
University of Bristol
UK

119
67
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Belgium

143
68
Utrecht University
Netherlands

43
69
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Germany

51
70
Vanderbilt University
US

58
71
Tsinghua University
China

47
72
Rice University
US

83
73
Universität Heidelberg
Germany

81
74
University of Queensland Australia
Australia

144
75
Wageningen University and Research Center
Netherlands

61
75
Emory University
US

67
77
University of Colorado Boulder
US

53
77
Tufts University
US

124
79
Leiden University
Netherlands

89
80
Lund University
Sweden

105
81
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
US


81
University of Rochester
US

85
83
Durham University
UK

140
84
Université Pierre et Marie Curie
France


85
University of St Andrews
UK

49
86
University of California, Irvine
US

147
87
Uppsala University
Sweden

101
88
Technische Universität München
Germany

63
89
University of Notre Dame
US

99
90
Dartmouth College
US

102
91
University of Helsinki
Finland

165
92
University of Amsterdam
Netherlands

65
93
Case Western Reserve University
US

79
94
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
Republic of Korea

98
94
University of Maryland, College Park
US

122
96
Michigan State University
US

95
97
University of Arizona
US

106
98
Purdue University
US

79
99
University of Sussex
UK

127
100
University of Alberta
Canada

137
101
University of Sheffield
UK

128
102
University of Glasgow
UK

107
103
University of Cape Town
South Africa

138
104
University of Montreal
Canada

151
104
Delft University of Technology
Netherlands

124
106
Ghent University
Belgium

88
107
Royal Holloway, University of London
UK

112
108
Tokyo Institute of Technology
Japan

178
109
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Germany

68
110
University of California, Santa Cruz
US

95
111
Universität Basel
Switzerland


112
University of Bern
Switzerland

83
113
University of Utah
US

78
114
Stony Brook University
US

114
115
Eindhoven University of Technology
Netherlands

136
116
Université de Lausanne
Switzerland

178*
117
Monash University
Australia

76
117
Trinity College Dublin
Ireland

130
119
Osaka University
Japan

132
120
Tohoku University
Japan


121
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Israel

81
121
University of York
UK

156
123
Indiana University
US

109
124
Seoul National University
Republic of Korea

167
125
Aarhus University
Denmark


125
University of Florida
US

90
127
University of Southampton
UK

120
127
Queen Mary, University of London
UK

161
127
Arizona State University
US

118
130
University of Geneva
Switzerland

129
131
Stockholm University
Sweden

124
131
Lancaster University
UK

168
133
University of Leeds
UK

170
134
University of Groningen
Netherlands

177
135
University of Copenhagen
Denmark

95
135
George Washington University
US

72
135
University of Virginia
US

164
138
Georgetown University
US

195
139
University of Vienna
Austria

174
140
University of Nottingham
UK

100
141
École Normale Supérieure de Lyon
France

132
141
University of Iowa
US

117
143
University of California, Riverside
US

104
144
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
US

174
145
University of East Anglia
UK

152
146
Newcastle University
UK

75
146
William & Mary
US

145
148
University of Birmingham
UK

152
149
Birkbeck, University of London
UK


150
Brandeis University
US


151
Freie Universität Berlin
Germany


151
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

149
151
University of Aberdeen
UK

115
154
National Taiwan University
Taiwan

68
154
Yeshiva University
US

184
156
The University of Exeter
UK

159
157
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Netherlands


157
University of Warwick
UK

94
159
University College Dublin
Ireland


159
Radboud University Nijmegen
Netherlands

139
159
VU University Amsterdam
Netherlands

90
162
Wake Forest University
US


162
Medical University of South Carolina
US


164
University of Reading
UK


164
Texas A&M University
US


166
Tel Aviv University
Israel

197
167
University of Illinois at Chicago
US

182
168
RWTH Aachen University
Germany


169
Université Catholique de Louvain
Belgium


169
Université Paris Diderot – Paris 7
France

174
169
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore


172
University of Miami
US

152
173
University of New South Wales
Australia


173
Queen’s University
Canada

145
173
University of Auckland
New Zealand

140
176
University of Dundee
UK

130
177
University of Victoria
Canada


178
University of São Paulo
Brazil

122
178
Technical University of Denmark
Denmark

159
180
University of Delaware
US

172
181
Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Germany

SEE NOTE
181
University of Oslo
Norway

165
181
University of Liverpool
UK

132
184
Iowa State University
US


185
University of Ottawa
Canada

155
186
Pompeu Fabra University
Spain

189
187
Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
Germany

193
187
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Sweden


189
University of Western Australia
Australia

132
189
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
Germany

135
191
University of Bergen
Norway

49
192
University of Science and Technology of China
China


193
City University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

186
194
Universität Konstanz
Germany

161
195
Boston College
US

187
196
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Germany


197
Maastricht University
Netherlands


197
University of Leicester
UK

158
197
Georgia Health Sciences University
US

185
200
University of Twente
Netherlands

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